The Pocso Act is an abbreviation for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act (POCSO). Under the Pocso Act-2012, sexual harassment towards children and to prevent heinous crimes like sexual exploitation and pornography for this, the Ministry of Women and Child Development enacted the Pocso Act-2012.
Unhappy with the increasing frustration in the society and the increasing sexual crimes against girls, the government has enacted a “POCSO law” to protect girls from sexual violence.
The full name of the POCSO Act is “The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act” or the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act. POCSO Act-2012; The Ministry of Women and Child Development were created to prevent sexual harassment towards children and heinous crimes like sexual exploitation and pornography. Different punishment has been fixed for different crime under this law made in the year 2012. Because the government has become aware by seeing the increasing crimes today, how in today’s environment acts of bullying and harassment given this, the government has decided to make this POCSO Act.
In order to curb the increasing cruelty with girls in the country, a change has been made in the ‘Poxo Act-2012’, under which a girl who is 12 years old will be sentenced to death by rape convicts. The approval of the Union Cabinet has been received by the government in April 2018. Now the government will bring an ordinance for this. And with this, if something wrong happens to a girl child in school or elsewhere, then the culprit will get the death penalty.
Cases under sections 7 and 8 of the POCSO Act are registered in which the children are molested with the genitals; the accused of this section can be punished and fined from 5 to 7 years if proven guilty. Creating this act was also necessary because children are very innocent and easily fall under the guise of people. Many times children do not even tell parents about the exploitation that happened to them due to fear. But for this, parents need to be aware that they should convince their children that they should alert their parents if any teacher or someone misbehaves with them so that they can take action in school or court for this and punish the guilty.
According to the Indian Penal Code, 1860, the age of consensual sex has been increased from 16 years to 18 years.
It means that-
• If a person (including a child) commits sexual acts with a child without his consent or consent, then he has to be punished according to the POCSO Act.
• If a husband or wife performs sexual acts with a spouse under the age of 18, then it falls under the category of crime and can be prosecuted.
The provisions made in the POCSO Act by the government for sexual exploitation of children were made in 2012, which have been done too late. 6118 cases of sexual offenses against children have been registered under POCSO between 2012 and 2016. In this, 85% of the cases are still pending in the court, while the conviction rate for the offender is only 2% which cannot be justified in any way.
The government will have to make more necessary reforms in this act so that the victim can get justice at the earliest. In most of the cases, it has been seen that the children are more exploited by the acquaintances and the people of the house do not doubt them. That is why it is the responsibility of the parents that the people with whom the children are playing Keep a close watch on.
Under the Poxo Act, if a person touches a child with wrong motives or tries to do wrong things with her or shows her pornography, then she will be convicted under Section 11. The imposition of this section can lead to a conviction of up to three years.
In line with the best international child protection standards, the Act provides that if a person is aware that a child has been sexually abused, he should report it to the nearest police station, if he does not do so; he should be given six months. Imprisonment and pecuniary penalties may be imposed.
The act entrusts the responsibility of the child guardian to the police. In this, the police is given the responsibility to make immediate arrangements for the care and protection of the child. Such as receiving emergency medical treatment for the child and placing the child in a shelter home.
It has been taken care of in the Act that no pressure should be made on the child again through the judicial system. This rule provides for the hearing of the case by a special court in a friendly atmosphere in front of the camera in a closed room. During this, efforts should be made to keep the child’s identity a secret.
The Special Court can determine the compensation amount to be paid to the child, from which the medical treatment and rehabilitation of the child can be arranged.
The Act states that a case of sexual abuse of a child should be settled within one year from the date of occurrence of the incident.
Otoo’s teacher are very aware of such works, they gives the right information to the children and their parents along with the right education to the child so that the parents are aware of such evil deeds and protect their children from bad deeds to be able to raise well.